Prom 18: Beethoven Cycle -- Symphony No. 9, 'Choral'
Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Op. 125 1 - Allegro ma non troppo, un poco maestoso 2 - Scherzo: Molto vivace -- Presto 3 - Adagio molto e cantabile -- Andante moderato -- Tempo primo -- Andante moderato -- Adagio -- Lo stesso tempo 4 - Recitative: (Presto -- Allegro ma non troppo -- Vivace -- Adagio cantabile -- Allegro assai -- Presto: O Freunde) -- Allegro molto assai: Freude, schöner Götterfunken -- Alla marcia -- Allegro assai vivace: Froh, wie seine Sonnen -- Andante maestoso: Seid umschlungen, Millionen! -- Adagio ma non troppo, ma divoto: Ihr, stürzt nieder -- Allegro energico, sempre ben marcato: (Freude, schöner Götterfunken -- Seid umschlungen, Millionen!) -- Allegro ma non tanto: Freude, Tochter aus Elysium! -- Prestissimo, Maestoso, Molto Prestissimo: Seid umschlungen, Millionen!
Anna Samuil soprano Waltraud Meier mezzo-soprano Michael König tenor René Pape bass National Youth Choir of Great Britain West-Eastern Divan Orchestra Daniel Barenboim, conductor Royal Albert Hall, 27 July 2012
The Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Op. 125 (sometimes known simply as "the Choral"), is the final complete symphony of Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827). Completed in 1824, the symphony is one of the best-known works of the repertoire of classical music. Among critics, it is almost universally considered to be Beethoven's greatest work, and is considered by many to be the greatest piece of music ever written.
The symphony was the first example of a major composer using voices in a symphony (thus making it a choral symphony). The words are sung during the final movement by four vocal soloists and a chorus. They were taken from the "Ode to Joy", a poem written by Friedrich Schiller in 1785 and revised in 1803, with additions made by the composer. Today, it stands as one of the most played symphonies in the world.
In 2001, Beethoven's autograph score of the Ninth Symphony, held by the Berlin State Library, was added to the United Nations World Heritage List, becoming the first musical score to be so honoured.
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