Dvorák - Symphony No. 9 (hr-Sinfonieorch., cond. Orozco-Estrada)

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Dvorák: 9. Sinfonie (»Aus der Neuen Welt«) - hr-Sinfonieorchester - Andrés Orozco-Estrada

Antonín Dvorák: 9. Sinfonie (»Aus der Neuen Welt«) 

I. Adagio – Allegro molto 
II. Largo 
III: Scherzo. Molto vivace 
IV. Allegro con fuoco 

hr-Sinfonieorchester – Frankfurt Radio Symphony 
Andrés Orozco-Estrada, Dirigent 

hr-Sinfoniekonzert 
Alte Oper Frankfurt, 25. Mai 2018 

Website: http://www.hr-sinfonieorchester.de ;
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/hrsinfonieorchester

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The Symphony No. 9 in E minor, "From the New World", Op. 95, B. 178, popularly known as the New World Symphony, was composed by Antonín Dvorák in 1893 while he was the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America from 1892 to 1895. It is by far his most popular symphony, and one of the most popular of all symphonies. In older literature and recordings, this symphony was – as for its first publication – numbered as Symphony No. 5. Astronaut Neil Armstrong took a tape recording of the New World Symphony along during the Apollo 11 mission, the first Moon landing, in 1969. The symphony was completed in the building that now houses the Bily Clocks Museum.

Dvorák was interested in Native American music and the African-American spirituals he heard in North America. While director of the National Conservatory he encountered an African-American student, Harry T. Burleigh, who sang traditional spirituals to him. Burleigh, later a composer himself, said that Dvorák had absorbed their 'spirit' before writing his own melodies. Dvorák stated:

I am convinced that the future music of this country must be founded on what are called Negro melodies. These can be the foundation of a serious and original school of composition, to be developed in the United States. These beautiful and varied themes are the product of the soil. They are the folk songs of America and your composers must turn to them.

The symphony was commissioned by the New York Philharmonic, and premiered on 16 December 1893, at Carnegie Hall conducted by Anton Seidl. A day earlier, in an article published in the New York Herald on 15 December 1893, Dvorák further explained how Native American music influenced his symphony:

I have not actually used any of the [Native American] melodies. I have simply written original themes embodying the peculiarities of the Indian music, and, using these themes as subjects, have developed them with all the resources of modern rhythms, counterpoint, and orchestral colour.

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