The Symphony No. 9 by Gustav Mahler was written between 1908 and 1909, and was the last symphony that he completed. It is actually his tenth symphonic work, as Mahler gave no ordinal number (nor the title 'symphony') to his symphonic song-cycle Das Lied von der Erde. Though the work is often described as being in the key of D major, the tonal scheme of the symphony as a whole is progressive. While the opening movement is in D major, the finale is in D-flat major.
A typical performance takes about 75–90 minutes.
The symphony is in four movements:
Andante comodo (D major) Im Tempo eines gemächlichen Ländlers. Etwas täppisch und sehr derb (C major)
Rondo-Burleske: Allegro assai. Sehr trotzig (A minor)
Adagio. Sehr langsam und noch zurückhaltend (D-flat major)
Although the symphony has the traditional number of movements, it is unusual in that the first and last are slow rather than fast. As is often the case with Mahler, one of the middle movements is a ländler.
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