Shostakovich - Symphony No. 13 in B flat minor (Op. 113, Babi Yar)

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Dertiende symfonie in bes, op. 113 'Babi Yar' van Dmitri Sjostakovitsj.
Door het Radio Filharmonisch Orkest , Groot Omroepmannenkoor o.l.v. Dmitri Slobodeniouk m.m.v. Sergej Aleksashkin (bas).

Opgenomen tijdens het Zondagochtend Concert van 3 april 2011, Grote Zaal Concertgebouw Amsterdam.

Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (25 September 1906 – 9 August 1975) was a Soviet Russian composer and one of the most celebrated composers of the 20th century. 

Shostakovich's orchestral works include 15 symphonies and six concerti. His symphonic work is typically complex and requires large scale orchestras. Music for chamber ensembles includes 15 string quartets, a piano quintet, two pieces for a string octet, and two piano trios. For the piano he composed two solo sonatas, an early set of preludes, and a later set of 24 preludes and fugues. Other works include two operas, and a substantial quantity of film music. 

The Symphony No. 13 in B flat minor (Op. 113, subtitled Babi Yar) by Dmitri Shostakovich was first performed in Moscow on 18 December, 1962 by the Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra and the basses of the Republican State and Gnessin Institute Choirs, under Kirill Kondrashin (after Yevgeny Mravinsky refused to conduct the work). The soloist was Vitali Gromadsky. This work has been variously called a song cycle and a choral symphony since the composer included settings of poems by Yevgeny Yevtushenko that concerned the World War II Babi Yar massacre and other topics. The five poems Shostakovich set to music (one poem per movement) are earthily vernacular and cover every aspect of Soviet life.

Shostakovich takes his critique of the Soviet regime in this work to the farthest that he would publicly in his lifetime. Even so he does not engage in outright dissent; he broaches subjects open to discussion more or less freely while not actually questioning the basis of the regime itself. The criticism in which Shostakovich engages here was actually the bounds tolerated at the end of Nikita Khrushchev's premiership.


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